2. What Am I?



WHAT AM I?
(nouns) 

When a person first learns a language, whether it’s a small child or someone from a different country, he first learns nouns. He learns the names of various objects and people.  These are nouns.

A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea. The main noun of a sentence is called the subject. It usually comes just before the action of the sentence. (The squirrel chattered at the cat. )

Nouns can be divided into four categories:

PEOPLE              PLACES                     THINGS                 IDEAS
man                       home                           toy                            joy
cowboy                 mansion                      rocking horse           silliness
Roy Rogers          White House               Old Paint                  hilarity

Notice how these words progress from simple to more specific. Using more exact words help the reader or listener know exactly what you are thinking about. 

Ordinary, simple nouns are called COMMON NOUNS. (boy, school, ocean)  Words that name a particular person, place, or thing are called PROPER NOUNS.  (Jane Doe, Maine, Washington Monument) They always begin with a capital letter. If there are two or more words for one noun, all of the important words are capitalized. (United States of America)


A word that is made of more than one word is called a compound word. (mailbox, cuckoo clock, George Washington) Sometimes they are connected; sometimes not, but they mean one thing, so they stay together as one noun.

Often the words “a/an” or “the” come before a noun. These are called ARTICLES. Use “a” to show any type of that noun. (a book –any book) Use “an” before a noun that begins with a vowel. (an apple – any apple) Use “the” to mean one particular noun. (the paper on my desk) It tells the reader or listener which object you are referring to. It makes a big difference whether you use “a” or “the.”

I ate (a) cupcake that you made.  
I ate (the) cupcake that you made.


ASSIGNMENT

1.Copy this paragraph, and underline all the nouns. (24 nouns) 
Look for the articles "a" and "the." Ask yourself these questions - "the what?" and "who?"  Be careful of words between the article and the noun. Sometimes you might see "my" or "his" before a noun,  

Standing on my perch in the tree, I peer into the nest that the robins built. It’s empty now, but there were four chirping babies in it last summer. I can see all the way to the road, and I watch a boy riding his bike to town. I can see the steeple of the church and the flag pole in front of the bank. I can see Papa on the tractor down in lower field and Mama hanging sheets out to dry behind the house. There is Billy with a bucket and a big spoon. 


2.Write 3 nouns for each of these categories – (Don't repeat any of my examples.)

people –
place –
thing –
idea  –

3. Using 2 of the words in the previous section, write sentences with the nouns as the subjects. 

4. Using the pizza graphic on Lesson One, write the word NOUNS on the crust of one slice. (You may color the inner part red or orange for the sauce. 
Cut out three toppings, and write a noun on each of them. Glue them on the NOUN slice. 

Email your answers back to me.